Arizona And North Carolina - SHEF

Arizona And North Carolina

Arizona
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14A.Z. Cost. art. XI § 6

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and North Carolina
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15N.C. Const. art. IX § 9

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each have constitutional provisions stating that higher education should be as close to free as possible. Following the Great Recession, both states have become more reliant on tuition revenue, but the shift in Arizona far outpaced North Carolina. Between 2008 and 2018, the share of education revenue paid by students increased 25.5 percentage points in Arizona, reaching 61.9 percent. During that same time frame, the student share increased only 11.5 percentage points in North Carolina, reaching 34.6 percent in 2018.

Two state effort metrics mirror these contrasting changes over time in Arizona and North Carolina. Higher education support per capita fell 33 percent in Arizona and only 17 percent in North Carolina between 2008 and 2018. Similarly, support relative to personal income fell 37.2 percent in Arizona and 20.9 percent in North Carolina during this period. While both states were above the national average on these metrics in 2008, only North Carolina remained above the U.S. average in 2018.

Between 2007 and 2017, the portion of state and local tax revenue allocated to higher education declined from 7.7 percent to 7 percent in Arizona and from 11.1 percent to 10.2 percent in North Carolina. Both states remain above the national average on this metric.